Status of coral reefs and associated ecosystems in southern Tropical America: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panamá and Venezuela

Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alberto, Bastidas, Carolina, Cortes, Jorge, Guzman, Hector, Leao, Zelinda, Garzon-Ferreira, Jaime, Kikuchi, Ruy, Ferreira, Beatrice Padovani, Alvarado, Juan Jose, Jimenez, Carlos, Fonseca, Ana C., Salas, Eva, Nivia, Jaime, Fernandez, Cindy, Rodríguez, Sebastian, Debrot, Denise, Croquer, Aldo, Gil, Diego, Gomez, Diana Isabel, Navas-Camacho, Raul, Reyes-Nivia, María Catalina, Acosta, Alberto, Alvarado,Elvira, Pizarro, Valeria, Sanjuan, Adolfo, Herron, Pilar, Zapata, Fernando A., Zea, Sven, Lopez-Victoria, Mateo and Sanchez, Juan Armando (2008). Status of coral reefs and associated ecosystems in southern Tropical America: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panamá and Venezuela. In Clive R. Wilkinson (Ed.), Status of coral reefs of the world: 2008 (pp. 281-294) Townsville, Australia: Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Rodríguez-Ramírez, Alberto
Bastidas, Carolina
Cortes, Jorge
Guzman, Hector
Leao, Zelinda
Garzon-Ferreira, Jaime
Kikuchi, Ruy
Ferreira, Beatrice Padovani
Alvarado, Juan Jose
Jimenez, Carlos
Fonseca, Ana C.
Salas, Eva
Nivia, Jaime
Fernandez, Cindy
Rodríguez, Sebastian
Debrot, Denise
Croquer, Aldo
Gil, Diego
Gomez, Diana Isabel
Navas-Camacho, Raul
Reyes-Nivia, María Catalina
Acosta, Alberto
Alvarado,Elvira
Pizarro, Valeria
Sanjuan, Adolfo
Herron, Pilar
Zapata, Fernando A.
Zea, Sven
Lopez-Victoria, Mateo
Sanchez, Juan Armando
Title of chapter Status of coral reefs and associated ecosystems in southern Tropical America: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panamá and Venezuela
Title of book Status of coral reefs of the world: 2008
Place of Publication Townsville, Australia
Publisher Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status
ISSN 1447-6185
Editor Clive R. Wilkinson
Chapter number 20
Start page 281
End page 294
Total pages 14
Total chapters 20
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Algae are the most abundant reef organisms in most of the countries; high coral cover occurs at numerous reef locations at the Caribbean (~70%) and Pacific (~95%) coasts;

No major changes in live coral cover have been observed recently in the region; some localised decline and recovery trends are evident for each country;

Coral reefs in the region experience many natural and human threats, and predictions suggest that nearly 50% of reefs are at very low risk of decline in 5-10 years, even considering global climate change, and around 40% of reefs could be under high risk of decline in the mid-long term (>10 years);

Massive coral bleaching occurred in Southern Tropical America during 2005, but the severity varied across the region;

Reef monitoring has increased, but there is low funding for monitoring programs in all countries; socioeconomic monitoring is restricted to Brazil;

Information on reef fisheries from monitoring programs is scarce, however, the consensus is for depletion of coral reefs resources, particularly in the Caribbean;

Seagrass and mangrove communities are mainly threatened by coastal development, sedimentation, pollution, and deforestation.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Notes: Some previous issues were in two volumes; ISSN-1447-6185. "This report is the 5th global report since the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network was formed in 1996 as an operational network of the International Coral Reef Initiative."

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Global Change Institute Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 22 May 2015, 12:00:58 EST by Alberto Rodriguez-ramirez on behalf of Global Change Institute