Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in early life is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood: The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study

van de Laar, R. J. J., Stehouwer, C. D. A., van Bussel, B. C. T., Prins, M. H., Twisk, J. W. R. and Ferreira, I. (2013) Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in early life is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood: The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study. Journal of Internal Medicine, 273 1: 79-93. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02577.x


Author van de Laar, R. J. J.
Stehouwer, C. D. A.
van Bussel, B. C. T.
Prins, M. H.
Twisk, J. W. R.
Ferreira, I.
Title Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in early life is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood: The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study
Journal name Journal of Internal Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0954-6820
1365-2796
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02577.x
Open Access Status
Volume 273
Issue 1
Start page 79
End page 93
Total pages 15
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Objectives: To investigate whether adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern during adolescence and early adulthood affects arterial stiffness in adulthood, and the extent to which any such association may be attributed to a beneficial impact of this diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors such as blood pressure, central fatness and dyslipidaemia. Setting: The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study. Design and subjects: We compared longitudinal levels of adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern (aMED score with range 0-9) during adolescence and adulthood (two to eight repeated measures obtained between the ages of 13 and 36) between individuals with different levels of arterial stiffness in adulthood. The study population included 373 (196 women) apparently healthy adults in whom properties of the carotid, brachial and femoral arteries were assessed using ultrasonography at 36 years of age. Results: After adjustments for potential confounders, individuals with stiffer carotid arteries (defined on the basis of the most adverse tertile of, for instance, the distensibility coefficient) had lower aMED scores (-0.32, 95% CI -0.60; -0.06) and were less likely to have adhered to this dietary pattern (aMED score ≥5, odds ratio 0.69, 95% CI 0.50; -0.94) during the preceding 24 years compared with those with less stiff arteries. Differences in aMED scores were already present in adolescence and were only in part explained by the favourable associations between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and other cardiovascular disease risk factors (up to 26%), particularly mean blood pressure (up to 19%). Conclusions: Promoting the Mediterranean diet in adolescence and early adulthood may constitute an important means of preventing arterial stiffness in adulthood.
Keyword Arterial stiffness
Diet
Epidemiology
Longitudinal population-based cohort
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 18 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 20 May 2015, 15:20:12 EST by Isabel Ferreira on behalf of School of Public Health