How affect and personality traits influence action observation

Scott, Rebecca (2014). How affect and personality traits influence action observation Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Scott, Rebecca
Thesis Title How affect and personality traits influence action observation
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2014-10-08
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Ada Kritkikos
Total pages 63
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of social attitudes, empathy and autism on motor priming and imitation of an observed action. There were 60 female participants in the study. The participants viewed a video of a model using a straight or an exaggerated reach trajectory to grasp an object. After the model completed her movement participants were instructed to execute a straight reach to grasp the target object. Prior to the video of the model participants’ social attitudes were primed using either non-social or pro-social images. Participants then filled out measures of empathy (QCAE) and autismlike traits (AQ). It was hypothesized that participants’ reach trajectories would be higher after viewing the model making an exaggerated movement compared to making a straight movement. It was hypothesized that after being primed with pro-social images participants would imitate the models higher reach trajectory compared with the trials in which the participants were primed with non-social images and that this effect would be strongest for participants who scored highly on the QCAE and low on the AQ. Participants’ reaches were significantly higher after viewing the exaggerated reach compared to the straight reach, supporting previous research. Social attitude priming did not affect reach trajectory and the QCAE did not correlate with the imitation effect. AQ correlated with some reach effects. Further research is required to understand the modulating effects of priming and social attitudes on kinematic measures of imitation.
Keyword Social attitudes

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Created: Wed, 13 May 2015, 15:00:26 EST by Louise Grainger on behalf of School of Psychology