Global status of and prospects for protection of terrestrial geophysical diversity

Sanderson, Eric W., Segan, Daniel B. and Watson, James E. M. (2015) Global status of and prospects for protection of terrestrial geophysical diversity. Conservation Biology, 29 3: 649-656. doi:10.1111/cobi.12502


Author Sanderson, Eric W.
Segan, Daniel B.
Watson, James E. M.
Title Global status of and prospects for protection of terrestrial geophysical diversity
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0888-8892
1523-1739
Publication date 2015
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12502
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 29
Issue 3
Start page 649
End page 656
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ United States
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Conservation of representative facets of geophysical diversity may help conserve biological diversity as the climate changes. We conducted a global classification of terrestrial geophysical diversity and analyzed how land protection varies across geophysical diversity types. Geophysical diversity was classified in terms of soil type, elevation, and biogeographic realm and then compared to the global distribution of protected areas in 2012. We found that 300 (45%) of 672 broad geophysical diversity types currently meet the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Target 11 of 17% terrestrial areal protection, which suggested that efforts to implement geophysical diversity conservation have a substantive basis on which to build. However, current protected areas were heavily biased toward high elevation and low fertility soils. We assessed 3 scenarios of protected area expansion and found that protection focused on threatened species, if fully implemented, would also protect an additional 29% of geophysical diversity types, ecoregional-focused protection would protect an additional 24%, and a combined scenario would protect an additional 42%. Future efforts need to specifically target low-elevation sites with productive soils for protection and manage for connectivity among geophysical diversity types. These efforts may be hampered by the sheer number of geophysical diversity facets that the world contains, which makes clear target setting and prioritization an important next step.
Keyword Climate adaptation
Conservation planning
Geodiversity
Soil type
Spatial assessment
Topography
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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