Levelized cost of energy and sensitivity analysis for the hydrogen-bromine flow battery

Singh, Nirala and McFarland, Eric W (2015) Levelized cost of energy and sensitivity analysis for the hydrogen-bromine flow battery. Journal of Power Sources, 288 187-198. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.114

Author Singh, Nirala
McFarland, Eric W
Title Levelized cost of energy and sensitivity analysis for the hydrogen-bromine flow battery
Journal name Journal of Power Sources   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-7753
Publication date 2015-08-15
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.114
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 288
Start page 187
End page 198
Total pages 12
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The technoeconomics of the hydrogen–bromine flow battery are investigated. Using existing performance data the operating conditions were optimized to minimize the levelized cost of electricity using individual component costs for the flow battery stack and other system units. Several different configurations were evaluated including use of a bromine complexing agent to reduce membrane requirements. Sensitivity analysis of cost is used to identify the system elements most strongly influencing the economics. The stack lifetime and round-trip efficiency of the cell are identified as major factors on the levelized cost of electricity, along with capital components related to hydrogen storage, the bipolar plate, and the membrane. Assuming that an electrocatalyst and membrane with a lifetime of 2000 cycles can be identified, the lowest cost market entry system capital is 220 $ kWh−1 for a 4 h discharge system and for a charging energy cost of 0.04 $ kWh−1 the levelized cost of the electricity delivered is 0.40 $ kWh−1. With systems manufactured at large scales these costs are expected to be lower.
Keyword Redox flow
Energy storage
Levelized cost of electricity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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