Nutrient composition of important fish species in Bangladesh and potential contribution to recommended nutrient intakes

Bogard, Jessica R., Thilsted, Shakuntala H., Marks, Geoffrey C., Wahab, Md. Abdul, Hossain, Mostafa A. R., Jakobsen, Jette and Stangoulis, James (2015) Nutrient composition of important fish species in Bangladesh and potential contribution to recommended nutrient intakes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 42 120-133. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2015.03.002


Author Bogard, Jessica R.
Thilsted, Shakuntala H.
Marks, Geoffrey C.
Wahab, Md. Abdul
Hossain, Mostafa A. R.
Jakobsen, Jette
Stangoulis, James
Title Nutrient composition of important fish species in Bangladesh and potential contribution to recommended nutrient intakes
Journal name Journal of Food Composition and Analysis   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0889-1575
1096-0481
Publication date 2015-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jfca.2015.03.002
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 42
Start page 120
End page 133
Total pages 14
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press [Elsevier]
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Fish, in Bangladesh where malnutrition remains a significant development challenge, is an irreplaceable animal-source food in the diet of millions. However, existing data on the nutrient composition of fish do not reflect the large diversity available and have focused on only a few select nutrients. The purpose of this study was to fill the gaps in existing data on the nutrient profiles of common fish in Bangladesh by analysing the proximate, vitamin, mineral and fatty acid composition of 55 fish, shrimp and prawn species from inland capture, aquaculture and marine capture fisheries. When comparing species, the composition of nutrients of public health significance was diverse. Iron ranged from 0.34 to 19. mg/100. g, zinc from 0.6 to 4.7. mg/100. g, calcium from 8.6 to 1900. mg/100. g, vitamin A from 0 to 2503. μg/100. g and vitamin B12 from 0.50 to 14. μg/100. g. Several species were rich in essential fatty acids, particularly docosohexaenoic acid in capture fisheries species (86-310. mg/100. g). The potential contribution of each species to recommended nutrient intakes (RNIs) for pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and infants was calculated. Seven species for PLW and six species for infants, all from inland capture, and all typically consumed whole with head and bones, could potentially contribute ≥25% of RNIs for three or more of these nutrients, simultaneously, from a standard portion. This illustrates the diversity in nutrient content of fish species and in particular the rich nutrient composition of small indigenous species, which should guide policy and programmes to improve food and nutrition security in Bangladesh.
Keyword 1000 days
Aquaculture
Bangladesh
Biodiversity
Capture fisheries
Fatty acids
Food analysis
Food composition
Food security
Mineral
Nutrient composition
Small indigenous fish species
Vitamin
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 10 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 12 May 2015, 00:18:32 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health