Not just carbon: assessment and prospects for the application of anthracology in Oceania

Dotte-Sarout, Emilie, Carah, Xavier and Byrne, Chae (2015) Not just carbon: assessment and prospects for the application of anthracology in Oceania. Archaeology in Oceania, 50 1: 1-22. doi:10.1002/arco.5041


Author Dotte-Sarout, Emilie
Carah, Xavier
Byrne, Chae
Title Not just carbon: assessment and prospects for the application of anthracology in Oceania
Journal name Archaeology in Oceania
ISSN 0003-8121
1834-4453
Publication date 2015-04
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/arco.5041
Open Access Status
Volume 50
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 22
Total pages 22
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract While archaeobotany is increasingly part of archaeological projects in Oceania, the specific sub-discipline focusing on wood charcoal macro-remains (anthracology) continues to be a much underdeveloped field of research in Australia and the Pacific. To initiate a regional framework for anthracology, we present here a review of studies based on wood charcoal analyses that have been implemented in Oceania, and we then present anthracological principles and methods developed in other parts of the world. We use three recent case studies, from New Caledonia, and tropical and semi-arid Australia, to illustrate the application of anthracological methods in the region. Finally, we consider the potential for the discipline to be successfully developed in Oceania, discussing identified challenges and prospects for anthracology to address key archaeological questions in the region. We argue the discipline has the potential to throw light on both palaeoenvironmental conditions and palaeoethnobotanical practices at a site, and can also offer insights in relation to mobility patterns and resource management in the past.
Keyword Anthracology
Wood charcoal
Oceania
Methods
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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