DNA fingerprinting in zoology: past, present, future

Chambers, Geoffrey K., Curtis, Caitlin, Millar, Craig D, Huynen, Leon and Lambert, David M (2014) DNA fingerprinting in zoology: past, present, future. Investigative Genetics, 5 3: . doi:10.1186/2041-2223-5-3

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Author Chambers, Geoffrey K.
Curtis, Caitlin
Millar, Craig D
Huynen, Leon
Lambert, David M
Title DNA fingerprinting in zoology: past, present, future
Journal name Investigative Genetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2041-2223
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1186/2041-2223-5-3
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Issue 3
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In 1962, Thomas Kuhn famously argued that the progress of scientific knowledge results from periodic ‘paradigm shifts’ during a period of crisis in which new ideas dramatically change the status quo. Although this is generally true, Alec Jeffreys’ identification of hypervariable repeat motifs in the human beta-globin gene, and the subsequent development of a technology known now as ‘DNA fingerprinting’, also resulted in a dramatic shift in the life sciences, particularly in ecology, evolutionary biology, and forensics. The variation Jeffreys recognized has been used to identify individuals from tissue samples of not just humans, but also of many animal species. In addition, the technology has been used to determine the sex of individuals, as well as paternity/maternity and close kinship. We review a broad range of such studies involving a wide diversity of animal species. For individual researchers, Jeffreys’ invention resulted in many ecologists and evolutionary biologists being given the opportunity to develop skills in molecular biology to augment their whole organism focus. Few developments in science, even among the subsequent genome discoveries of the 21st century, have the same wide-reaching significance. Even the later development of PCR-based genotyping of individuals using microsatellite repeats sequences, and their use in determining multiple paternity, is conceptually rooted in Alec Jeffreys’ pioneering work.
Keyword Multilocus VNTR probes
Single locus probes
Avian mating systems
Microsatellite DNA
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
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Created: Wed, 06 May 2015, 17:32:00 EST by Caitlin Curtis on behalf of School of Biological Sciences