Mental distress and human rights of asylum seekers

Campbell, Emma Jean and Steel, Emily Jean (2015) Mental distress and human rights of asylum seekers. Journal of Public Mental Health, 14 2: 43-55. doi:10.1108/JPMH-06-2013-0040

Author Campbell, Emma Jean
Steel, Emily Jean
Title Mental distress and human rights of asylum seekers
Journal name Journal of Public Mental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2042-8731
Publication date 2015
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1108/JPMH-06-2013-0040
Volume 14
Issue 2
Start page 43
End page 55
Total pages 13
Place of publication Bingley, United Kingdom
Publisher Pier Professional Ltd
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose– This paper studies the experiences of asylum seekers in Australia. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between mental wellbeing, living conditions, and Australia’s detention policies in light of human rights.

Design/methodology/approach– Using grounded theory, data were collected via observations, semi-structured interviews, key-informant interviews, and document analysis. Participants included seven asylum seekers and three professionals working with them.

Findings– In light of a human rights framework, this paper reports on the mental distress suffered by asylum seekers in detention, the environments of constraint in which they live, and aspects of detention centre policy that contribute to these environments. The findings highlight a discrepancy between asylum seekers’ experiences under immigration detention policy and Australia’s human rights obligations.

Research limitations/implications– This research indicates human rights violations for asylum seekers in detention in Australia. This research project involved a small number of participants and recommends systemic review of the policy and practices that affect asylum seekers’ mental health including larger numbers of participants. Consideration is made of alternatives to detention as well as improving detention centre conditions. The World Health Organization’s Quality Rights Tool Kit might provide the basis for a framework to review Australia’s immigration detention system with particular focus on the poor mental wellbeing of asylum seekers in detention.

Originality/value– This study links international human rights law and Australian immigration detention policies and practices with daily life experiences of suffering mental distress within environments of constraint and isolation. It identifies asylum seekers as a vulnerable population with respect to human rights and mental wellbeing. Of particular value is the inclusion of asylum seekers themselves in interviews.
Keyword Wellbeing
Asylum seekers
Human rights
Mental health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes

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Created: Wed, 06 May 2015, 07:31:59 EST by Emily Steel on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences