Does inequality moderate the effect of wealth on attitudes towards immigration?

Yong Sheng, Goh (2014). Does inequality moderate the effect of wealth on attitudes towards immigration? Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Yong Sheng, Goh
Thesis Title Does inequality moderate the effect of wealth on attitudes towards immigration?
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2014-10-08
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Jolanda Jetten
Total pages 111
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary Past research has found that in times of economic hardships, people displayed harsher prejudice towards immigrants. However, recent research has also shown evidence for the opposite effect: when people experience economic prosperity, they also hold negative attitudes towards immigrants. Guimond and Dambrun (2002), suggest that the inequality of the society could be a moderator that explains when each of these effects is observed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine if inequality moderates the effects of wealth on attitudes towards immigrants. An independent group’s design was conducted on 96 participants who were randomly assigned to imagine they were living in an equal or unequal country. Participants were then allocated to the rich or poor groups in their assigned countries, and were given monopoly money to purchase materials to design a flag representing their fictitious country. After designing the flag, they were informed that newcomers would be joining their country to play another similar game with them, and they had to decide how many items to donate to them. Results suggest that inequality does not moderate the effects of wealth. Instead inequality contributes to an additive effect to the participants perceptions of the world and newcomers. Specifically, we found that in an equal society, participants viewed the world, each other and the newcomers more positively, suggesting that inequality is bad for everyone in the society (Wilkinson & Pickett, 2009). Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed in the study.
Keyword Prejudice

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Created: Thu, 30 Apr 2015, 14:46:44 EST by Louise Grainger on behalf of School of Psychology