The Predictors of Childhood Mealtime Difficulties

Laurie, Kirstyn (2014). The Predictors of Childhood Mealtime Difficulties Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Laurie, Kirstyn
Thesis Title The Predictors of Childhood Mealtime Difficulties
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2014-10-08
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Dr. Alina Morawska
Total pages 109
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary Children’s mealtime difficulties are commonly reported by parents and can be a significant source of family stress. Presently interventions in place to assist parents in managing their child’s mealtime behaviour focused on parental behaviours, however the literature is beginning to support the role of parental cognitions as a significant contributor in child behaviour and its role in the acquisition and exacerbation of children’s mealtime difficulties. The present study aimed to describe predictors of childhood feeding difficulties and identify a viable model through assessing the role of these predictors. Participants were mothers (119) and fathers (68) of children aged 2 – 5 years old experiencing mealtime difficulties. Parent-report measures included: measures of child feeding behaviours, parent mealtime strategies and parent mealtime cognitions, parent adjustment, parent mealtime self-efficacy, and positive mealtime environment. We hypothesised that parental cognitions would play a central role in predicting child mealtime behaviour. Additionally our model explored the inter-relationships between cognitions, parenting practices, self-efficacy, parental adjustment and mealtime climate. Results indicated that the original hypothesised model was not a good fit for mothers or fathers, and a feedback model may provide a better explanation of the data. Discussion and recommendations are provided.
Keyword Child behaviour
Child mealtime behavior
Parental cognitions
Family stress

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Created: Wed, 29 Apr 2015, 15:08:28 EST by Louise Grainger on behalf of School of Psychology