Visual search for emotional expressions: Effect of stimulus set on anger and happiness superiority

Savage, Ruth A, Becker, Stefanie I and Lipp, Ottmar V (2015) Visual search for emotional expressions: Effect of stimulus set on anger and happiness superiority. Cognition and Emotion, 30 4: 713-730. doi:10.1080/02699931.2015.1027663


Author Savage, Ruth A
Becker, Stefanie I
Lipp, Ottmar V
Title Visual search for emotional expressions: Effect of stimulus set on anger and happiness superiority
Journal name Cognition and Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1464-0600
0269-9931
Publication date 2015-04-10
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2015.1027663
Open Access Status
Volume 30
Issue 4
Start page 713
End page 730
Total pages 18
Place of publication Abingdon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Prior reports of preferential detection of emotional expressions in visual search have yielded inconsistent results, even for face stimuli that avoid obvious expression-related perceptual confounds. The current study investigated inconsistent reports of anger and happiness superiority effects using face stimuli drawn from the same database. Experiment 1 excluded procedural differences as a potential factor, replicating a happiness superiority effect in a procedure that previously yielded an anger superiority effect. Experiments 2a and 2b confirmed that image colour or poser gender did not account for prior inconsistent findings. Experiments 3a and 3b identified stimulus set as the critical variable, revealing happiness or anger superiority effects for two partially overlapping sets of face stimuli. The current results highlight the critical role of stimulus selection for the observation of happiness or anger superiority effects in visual search even for face stimuli that avoid obvious expression related perceptual confounds and are drawn from a single database.
Keyword Emotional expression
Visual search
Anger superiority effect
Happiness superiority effect
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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