The characteristics of, and risk factors for, child injuries in Andhra Pradesh, India: the Young Lives project

Kataoka, Erika, Griffin, Mark and Durham, Jo (2015) The characteristics of, and risk factors for, child injuries in Andhra Pradesh, India: the Young Lives project. International Health, 7 6: 447-454. doi:10.1093/inthealth/ihv022


Author Kataoka, Erika
Griffin, Mark
Durham, Jo
Title The characteristics of, and risk factors for, child injuries in Andhra Pradesh, India: the Young Lives project
Journal name International Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1876-3413
1876-3405
Publication date 2015-04-23
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/inthealth/ihv022
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 7
Issue 6
Start page 447
End page 454
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background Injuries are an emerging public health issue among children worldwide, and one of the leading causes of disability-adjusted life years lost for children aged 0–14 years. Few studies, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, have analysed characteristics and risk factors for these injuries.

Methods This study examined the occurrence and risk factors of serious non-fatal injuries in children aged 7–9 years (n=1820) from Andhra Pradesh, India. Logistic regression models were used to explore potential risk factors for these injuries.

Results Based on a 3-year recall period, 336 (18.5%) children reported serious non-fatal injuries. Incidence was higher among males (209/971; 21.5%) compared to females (127/849; 15.0%). Of the most serious non-fatal injuries reported, falls (n=186, 55.4%) were the major cause of injuries, followed by road traffic injuries (50, 14.9%), and assaults/blows/hits (26, 7.7%). Twenty children (6.0%) did not fully recover from their injuries, and 14 (4.2%) had long-term health problems as a result of their injuries. The logistic regression analyses indicated that being male (AOR 1.59; 95% CI 1.25–2.05), in poor health (AOR 2.50; 95% CI 1.88–3.31), and having a caregiver with low education (AOR 1.53; 95% CI 1.15–2.05) were associated with an increased risk of non-fatal injury.

Conclusions Urgent attention is needed to reduce child injuries and address risk factors according to local context.
Keyword Child
India
Non fatal injury
Risk Factors
Young Lives project
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Sat, 25 Apr 2015, 22:49:59 EST by Jo Durham on behalf of School of Public Health