Odds, risks and appropriate diagnosis of gestational diabetes

McIntyre, H. David, Dyer, Alan R. and Metzger, Boyd E. (2015) Odds, risks and appropriate diagnosis of gestational diabetes. Medical Journal of Australia, 202 6: 309-312. doi:10.5694/mja14.01341


Author McIntyre, H. David
Dyer, Alan R.
Metzger, Boyd E.
Title Odds, risks and appropriate diagnosis of gestational diabetes
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-5377
0025-729X
Publication date 2015-04-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5694/mja14.01341
Volume 202
Issue 6
Start page 309
End page 312
Total pages 4
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract The International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) diagnostic process and criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are designed to identify women at increased risk of a range of adverse pregnancy outcomes related to maternal hyperglycaemia; in particular, excessive fetal growth and fetal hyperinsulinaemia. The relationship between maternal hyperglycaemia and adverse outcomes is continuous, and more than one elevated glucose level from oral glucose tolerance testing equates to higher glucose exposure; however, one elevated glucose value is sufficient to impart a higher risk of pregnancy complications. We note with concern the recent article in the Journal by d'Emden, which proposes “a more statistically valid basis for diagnosing GDM”. It suggests that the criteria for GDM diagnosis proposed in 2010 by the IADPSG1 would result in up to 50% of women with a single elevated oral glucose tolerance test result being “inappropriately diagnosed with GDM as they do not meet the agreed risk threshold”. We consider these statements to be incorrect and offer the following arguments in rebuttal.
Keyword Diabetes
Pregnancy
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)
Australia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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