Better land-use allocation outperforms land sparing and land sharing approaches to conservation in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

Law, Elizabeth A., Meijaard, Erik, Bryan, Brett A., Mallawaarachchi, Thilak, Koh, Lian Pin and Wilson, Kerrie A. (2015) Better land-use allocation outperforms land sparing and land sharing approaches to conservation in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biological Conservation, 186 276-286. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.004

Author Law, Elizabeth A.
Meijaard, Erik
Bryan, Brett A.
Mallawaarachchi, Thilak
Koh, Lian Pin
Wilson, Kerrie A.
Title Better land-use allocation outperforms land sparing and land sharing approaches to conservation in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Journal name Biological Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0006-3207
Publication date 2015-06-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.004
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 186
Start page 276
End page 286
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Land sparing and land sharing are contrasting strategies often aimed at improving both agricultural production and biodiversity conservation in multifunctional landscapes. These strategies are embodied in land management policies at local to international scales, commonly in conjunction with other land-use policies. Evaluation of these strategies at a landscape scale, for multiple ecosystem service benefits, and multiple elements of biodiversity has not previously been attempted. We simulated the effects of applying land sharing and land sparing strategies to the agricultural zones designated by four future land-use scenarios (reflecting both current land-use and prospective land-use plans) in the Ex-Mega Rice Project region of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. We assessed impacts of each strategy on biodiversity, agricultural production, and other ecosystem service benefits at a landscape scale. We examined whether it was possible to achieve predetermined targets that reflect the aspirations and entitlements of diverse stakeholder groups. We found that the prospective land-use plans for the region would deliver considerably more benefit than the current land-use allocations, and while not all targets can be achieved, additional progress could be made with reasonable and realistic levels of land sharing or sparing. We found that species and forest types sensitive to agricultural disturbance could benefit most if land in agricultural zones was spared and prioritised for conservation. Conversely, land sharing strategies favoured the more widespread and common species, particularly if the area of wildlife-friendly agriculture is increased. However, the effectiveness of agricultural-focused land management strategies is inherently limited by the extent of agricultural zones. While agricultural land sparing and sharing strategies can deliver some gains in target achievement for multiple ecosystem services, we find that they have a limited effect over the benefits achieved by implementing better land-use allocation from the outset.
Keyword Biodiversity conservation
Ecosystem services
Land use planning
Multifunctional landscapes
Scenario analysis
Wildlife friendly farming
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
School of Economics Publications
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