Digital identification tools in regulatory science and practice

Norton, G. A., Walters, T. W., LaForest, J., Walker, K., Taylor, M., Winterton, S. and Kong, G. (2014). Digital identification tools in regulatory science and practice. In Gordon Gordh and Simon McKirdy (Ed.), The handbook of plant biosecurity (pp. 339-373) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7365-3_12

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Author Norton, G. A.
Walters, T. W.
LaForest, J.
Walker, K.
Taylor, M.
Winterton, S.
Kong, G.
Title of chapter Digital identification tools in regulatory science and practice
Title of book The handbook of plant biosecurity
Place of Publication Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-7365-3_12
Open Access Status
ISBN 9789400773646
Editor Gordon Gordh
Simon McKirdy
Chapter number 12
Start page 339
End page 373
Total pages 35
Total chapters 22
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Correct identification of potentially invasive organisms detected at the border, or which have already been introduced into a country, is critical to any biosecurity strategy. Taxonomic specialists have traditionally provided identification services. Unfortunately, taxonomy is a discipline in rapid decline globally, and taxonomists are often unavailable for routine identification. Molecular technology offers an alternative diagnostic tool, but currently is not generally available for the wide range of organisms that must be identified. Moreover, molecular diagnostics probably will not replace traditional identification techniques needed for rapid and confirmatory visual identification procedures. This chapter shows how the development of new software programmes and web technology provides a readily available and practical solution to the problem of achieving rapid and accurate identification of invasive pests intercepted by regulatory programmes. The current use of digital interactive keys and image databases indicate they have considerable potential to train and support biosecurity agency surveillance teams and situations in which the identification of invasive species is important. This chapter provides background information on the traditional, “dichotomous” key system and then describes the essential features of online dichotomous keys, matrix keys and image databases. Examples are provided on the way in which these tools are currently being used. The chapter concludes with a description of remote microscope diagnostics. Together with other developments (collaborative key development projects, cybertaxonomy, increased linkages between digital keys and image databases, and mobile phone technology) remote microscopy is likely to influence the future of digital identification aids.
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Created: Thu, 16 Apr 2015, 12:26:27 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of Qld Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation