General Motor Vehicle Drivers' Knowledge and Practices Regarding Drink Driving in Yinchuan and Guangzhou, China

Jia, Keqin, King, Mark, Fleiter, Judy, Sheehan, Mary, Ma, Wenjun, Lei, Jing and Zhang, Jianzhen (2015) General Motor Vehicle Drivers' Knowledge and Practices Regarding Drink Driving in Yinchuan and Guangzhou, China. Traffic Injury Prevention, 16 7: 652-657. doi:10.1080/15389588.2014.1001509


Author Jia, Keqin
King, Mark
Fleiter, Judy
Sheehan, Mary
Ma, Wenjun
Lei, Jing
Zhang, Jianzhen
Title General Motor Vehicle Drivers' Knowledge and Practices Regarding Drink Driving in Yinchuan and Guangzhou, China
Journal name Traffic Injury Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1538-9588
1538-957X
Publication date 2015-01-08
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/15389588.2014.1001509
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 16
Issue 7
Start page 652
End page 657
Total pages 24
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
ObjectiveDrink driving contributes to significant levels of injury and economic loss in China, but is not well researched. This study examined knowledge, drink driving practices and alcohol misuse problems among general drivers in Yinchuan. The objectives were to gain a better understanding of drink driving in Yinchuan, identify areas that need to be addressed, and compare the results with a similar study in Guangzhou.

MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study with a survey designed to collect information of participants' demographic characteristics and their knowledge and practices in relation to drinking and driving. The survey was comprised of questions on knowledge and practices in relation to drink driving and was administered to a convenience sample of 406 drivers. Alcohol misuse problems were assessed by using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).

Results Males accounted for the main proportion of drivers sampled from the general population (“general drivers”). A majority of general drivers in both cities knew that drunk driving had become a criminal offence in 2011, however knowledge of two legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits was quite low. Less drivers in Yinchuan (22.6%) than in Guangzhou (27.9) reported having been stopped by police conducting breath alcohol testing at least once in the last twelve months. The mean AUDIT score in Yinchuan (M = 8.2) was higher than in Guangzhou (M = 7.4), and the proportion of Yinchuan drivers with medium or higher alcohol misuse problems (31.2%) was correspondingly higher than in Guangzhou (23.1%). In Yinchuan, males had a significantly higher AUDIT score than females (t = 3.454, p < .001), similar to Guangzhou. Multiple regression analyses were conducted on potential predictors of the AUDIT score (age, gender, monthly income, education level, years licensed and age started drinking). There were significant individual contributions of gender (beta = 0.173, p = 0.09) and age at which drinking started (beta = 0.141, p = 0.033), but the overall model for Yinchuan was not significant, unlike Guangzhou.

ConclusionsThe results show that there are shortfalls in knowledge of the legislation and how to comply with it, and deficiencies in police enforcement. In addition there was evidence of drink driving and drink riding at high levels in both cities. Recommendations are made to address these issues.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Discipline of General Practice Publications
Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 13 Apr 2015, 11:45:04 EST by Dr Jenny (Jianzhen) Zhang on behalf of Discipline of General Practice