Prospective memory impairment in chronic heart failure

Habota, Tina, McLennan, Skye N., Cameron, Jan, Henry, Julie D., Ski, Chantal F., Thompson, David R. and Rendell, Peter G. (2015) Prospective memory impairment in chronic heart failure. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 21 3: 183-192. doi:10.1017/S1355617715000119

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Author Habota, Tina
McLennan, Skye N.
Cameron, Jan
Henry, Julie D.
Ski, Chantal F.
Thompson, David R.
Rendell, Peter G.
Title Prospective memory impairment in chronic heart failure
Journal name Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1355-6177
1469-7661
Publication date 2015-03-30
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1355617715000119
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 21
Issue 3
Start page 183
End page 192
Total pages 10
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Although cognitive deficits are common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), no study to date has investigated whether these deficits extend to the capacity to execute delayed intentions (prospective memory, PM). This is a surprising omission given the critical role PM plays in correctly implementing many important CHF self-care behaviors. The present study aimed to provide the first empirical assessment of PM function in people with CHF. The key dependent measure was a laboratory measure of PM that closely simulates PM tasks in daily life – Virtual Week. A group comparison design was used, with 30 CHF patients compared to 30 demographically matched controls. Background measures assessing executive functions, working memory, and verbal memory were also administered. The CHF group exhibited significant PM impairment, with difficulties generalizing across different types of PM tasks (event, time, regular, irregular). The CHF group also had moderate deficits on several of the background cognitive measures. Given the level of impairment remained consistent even on tasks that imposed minimal demands on memory for task content, CHF-related difficulties most likely reflects problems with the prospective component. However, exploratory analyses suggest that difficulties with retrospective memory and global cognition (but not executive control), also contribute to the PM difficulties seen in this group. The implications of these data are discussed, and in particular, it is argued that problems with PM may help explain why patient engagement in CHF self-care behaviors is often poor.
Keyword Prospective memory
Chronic heart failure
Virtual Week
Executive functions
Retrospective memory
Cognitive functions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 30 March 2015

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 07 Apr 2015, 09:13:14 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Psychology