Assessing exposure of young children to common endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the home environment: A review and commentary of the questionnaire-based approach

English, Karin, Healy, Bridget, Jagals, Paul and Sly, Peter D. (2015) Assessing exposure of young children to common endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the home environment: A review and commentary of the questionnaire-based approach. Reviews on Environmental Health, 30 1: 25-49. doi:10.1515/reveh-2014-0069

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Author English, Karin
Healy, Bridget
Jagals, Paul
Sly, Peter D.
Title Assessing exposure of young children to common endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the home environment: A review and commentary of the questionnaire-based approach
Journal name Reviews on Environmental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0048-7554
2191-0308
Publication date 2015-03-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1515/reveh-2014-0069
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 30
Issue 1
Start page 25
End page 49
Total pages 25
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher Walter de Gruyter
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Although infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure, there is an absence of comprehensive exposure data for this age group. As young children spend the majority of their time indoors, improved methods of exposure assessment are needed to characterise the health risks from exposures in the home environment. Biologic assessment, which has been considered the gold standard for exposure assessment in recent years, is difficult to conduct in young children. Questionnaires are an alternative and indirect method of predicting exposure, which may overcome some of the limitations of direct exposure assessment.

Research problem: The feasibility of using a questionnaire-based approach to predict exposure of young children to EDCs in the home has yet to be comprehensively reviewed. Moreover, there is no one questionnaire that has been validated for predicting the exposure of infants to common EDCs in the home.

Aims and objectives: The aim of this review is to discuss the use and validation of the questionnaire-based approach to predict exposure of children to chemicals from three common classes of EDCs in the home, namely, plasticisers, flame retardants, and insecticides. We discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the questionnaire-based approach as well as the important pathways of exposure in the home environment, by which to guide the design and validation of future exposure questionnaires.

Results: The findings from our review indicate that the questionnaire-based approach is a valuable tool in the prediction of exposure to persistent organic pollutants, as well as to toxicants that have consistent patterns of exposure. With improvements to the design and validation process, the questionnaire-based approach may also prove to be a reliable instrument in predicting exposure to EDCs with short-half lives, including bisphenol A, phthalates, and pyrethroid and organophosphate insecticides.
Keyword Behaviour
Diet
Dust
Hand to mouth behaviour
Lifestyle
Organophosphate
Phthalates
Pyrethroids
Survey
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
Child Health Research Centre Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 07 Apr 2015, 00:49:01 EST by System User on behalf of School of Medicine