Psychological distress may affect nutrition indicators in Australian adults

Leske, Stuart, Strodl, Esben, Harper, Catherine, Clemens, Susan and Hou, Xiang-Yu (2015) Psychological distress may affect nutrition indicators in Australian adults. Appetite, 90 144-153. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2015.02.003

Author Leske, Stuart
Strodl, Esben
Harper, Catherine
Clemens, Susan
Hou, Xiang-Yu
Title Psychological distress may affect nutrition indicators in Australian adults
Journal name Appetite   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1095-8304
Publication date 2015-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2015.02.003
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 90
Start page 144
End page 153
Total pages 10
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: The purpose of this research was to explore which demographic and health status variables moderated the relationship between psychological distress and three nutrition indicators: the consumption of fruits, vegetables and takeaway.

Method: We analysed data from the 2009 Self-Reported Health Status Survey Report collected in the state of Queensland, Australia. Adults (N = 6881) reported several demographic and health status variables. Moderated logistic regression models were estimated separately for the three nutrition indicators, testing as moderators demographic (age, gender, educational attainment, household income, remoteness, and area-level socioeconomic status) and health status indicators (body mass index, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes status).

Results: Several significant interactions emerged between psychological distress, demographic (age, area-level socio-economic status, and income level), and health status variables (body mass index, diabetes status) in predicting the nutrition indicators. Relationships between distress and the nutrition indicators were not significantly different by gender, remoteness, educational attainment, high cholesterol status, and high blood pressure status.

Conclusions: The associations between psychological distress and several nutrition indicators differ amongst population subgroups. These findings suggest that in distressed adults, age, area-level socio-economic status, income level, body mass index, and diabetes status may serve as protective or risk factors through increasing or decreasing the likelihood of meeting nutritional guidelines. Public health interventions for improving dietary behaviours and nutrition may be more effective if they take into account the moderators identified in this study rather than using global interventions.
Keyword Psychological distress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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