Adverse Life Experience and Psychological Distress in Adolescence: Moderating and Mediating Effects of Emotion Regulation and Rumination

Boyes, Mark E, Hasking, Penelope A and Martin, Graham (2015) Adverse Life Experience and Psychological Distress in Adolescence: Moderating and Mediating Effects of Emotion Regulation and Rumination. Stress and Health, 32 4: 402-410. doi:10.1002/smi.2635


Author Boyes, Mark E
Hasking, Penelope A
Martin, Graham
Title Adverse Life Experience and Psychological Distress in Adolescence: Moderating and Mediating Effects of Emotion Regulation and Rumination
Journal name Stress and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-2998
1532-3005
Publication date 2015-03-11
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/smi.2635
Volume 32
Issue 4
Start page 402
End page 410
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chichester, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Collection year 2016
Formatted abstract
The current study tested whether emotion regulation and rumination moderated and/or mediated the relationship between accumulated adverse life experience and psychological distress in adolescence. In class, Australian high school students (n = 2637, 12–18 years, 68% female) from 41 schools completed well-validated measures of adverse life experience, emotion regulation, rumination and psychological distress, and were followed up 1 year later (n = 1973, 75% retention rate). Adjusting for age, gender and baseline psychological distress, adverse life experience predicted psychological distress 1 year later. Expressive suppression and rumination were positively associated with psychological distress. Cognitive reappraisal was negatively associated with psychological distress and moderated the relationship between adverse life experience and psychological distress. This relationship was also partially mediated by cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression and rumination. Promoting cognitive reappraisal and minimizing expressive suppression and rumination may be useful strategies to improve mental health for adolescents who have experienced adverse life events. Future research should examine whether adolescents who have experienced adverse life events can be trained in effective emotion regulation strategies and whether this training can prevent development of psychological maladjustment.
Keyword Adverse life experience
Mental health
Emotion regulation
Rumination
Adolescence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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