Are two threats worse than one? The effects of face race and emotion on fear conditioning

Bramwell, S., Mallan, K. M. and Lipp, O. V. (2014) Are two threats worse than one? The effects of face race and emotion on fear conditioning. Psychophysiology, 51 2: 152-158. doi:10.1111/psyp.12155

Author Bramwell, S.
Mallan, K. M.
Lipp, O. V.
Title Are two threats worse than one? The effects of face race and emotion on fear conditioning
Journal name Psychophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-8986
Publication date 2014-02
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/psyp.12155
Open Access Status
Volume 51
Issue 2
Start page 152
End page 158
Total pages 7
Place of publication Hoboken NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Facial cues of racial outgroup or anger mediate fear learning that is resistant to extinction. Whether this resistance is potentiated if fear is conditioned to angry, other race faces has not been established. Two groups of Caucasian participants were conditioned with two happy and two angry face conditional stimuli (CSs). During acquisition, one happy and one angry face were paired with an aversive unconditional stimulus whereas the second happy and angry faces were presented alone. CS face race (Caucasian, African American) was varied between groups. During habituation, electrodermal responses were larger to angry faces regardless of race and declined less to other race faces. Extinction was immediate for Caucasian happy faces, delayed for angry faces regardless of race, and slowest for happy racial outgroup faces. Combining the facial cues of other race and anger does not enhance resistance to extinction of fear.
Keyword Preparedness
Fear learning
Electrodermal responses
Facial expressions
Fear relevance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes This paper is a full article (original research). PID UQ:308022, which shares the same title, is a conference abstract.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Thu, 26 Mar 2015, 17:30:22 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology