Social deficit hyperactivity disorder (SDHD): a sibling of ADHD?

Laurens, Sandy and Rossouw, Pieter (2015) Social deficit hyperactivity disorder (SDHD): a sibling of ADHD?. International Journal of Neuropsychotherapy, 3 1: 92-100. doi:10.12744/ijnpt.2015.0092-0100

Author Laurens, Sandy
Rossouw, Pieter
Title Social deficit hyperactivity disorder (SDHD): a sibling of ADHD?
Journal name International Journal of Neuropsychotherapy
ISSN 2202-7653
Publication date 2015-03-16
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.12744/ijnpt.2015.0092-0100
Open Access Status
Volume 3
Issue 1
Start page 92
End page 100
Total pages 9
Place of publication Dahlitz Media
Publisher Park Ridge, QLD Australia
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders, affecting approximately 7% of the population, the exact cause of which is unknown. It is widely recognized as a non-curable neurobiological behavior disorder, characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, and is routinely treated using stimulant medication and behavior modification techniques.

New research indicates a positive correlation between ADHD symptoms and physiological changes associated with the increased release of the stress hormones norepinephrine, epinephrine, and cortisol, and a corresponding reduction in neurotransmitter levels of dopamine and serotonin. It is suggested that these physiological changes in children may be directly attributed to prolonged exposure to stress in early childhood, both in care facilities and the compulsory school system.

Ongoing research has linked bullying with similarly fluctuating neurotransmitter levels. Bullying is a complex and subjective behavior pattern, destructive by nature, pervading every aspect of society, and thought to affect 20% of the population. Given that bully behavior is characterized by morbid social behavior, hyperactivity and/or hyper-reality, and impulsivity, and predominates in the compulsory school system, the parallel with ADHD is observed, making the choice of the label, social deficit hyperactivity disorder (SDHD), appropriate.

The authors believe that the impact bullying has on learning and working environments cannot be quantified until SDHD is first recognized and accepted as a neurobiological behavioral disorder with determinate criteria. Classification of SDHD would facilitate research into the hypothesis that ADHD and SDHD are comorbid conditions and give the condition the attention it deserves.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Created: Mon, 23 Mar 2015, 09:51:14 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work