Modulation of the rumen microbiome

Gilbert, Rosalind, Ouwerkerk, Diane and Klieve, Athol (2015) Modulation of the rumen microbiome. Australian Microbiologist, 36 1: 18-21.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Gilbert, Rosalind
Ouwerkerk, Diane
Klieve, Athol
Title Modulation of the rumen microbiome
Journal name Australian Microbiologist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1324-4272
Publication date 2015-03-06
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Open Access Status
Volume 36
Issue 1
Start page 18
End page 21
Total pages 4
Place of publication Clayton, VIC Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
A combination of animal genetics and the unique, enlarged fore-stomach of ruminants (rumen) enable domesticated ruminants to be sustained on forages and fibrous feedstuffs that would be otherwise indigestible. Ruminants can also utilise more easily digestible, high energy plant material such as grain, to achieve rapid increases in weight gain, muscle bulk and in the case of dairy cows, high milk yields. Since the mid-1900s there has been a steady research effort into understanding the digestive processes of ruminants, striving to maintain animal health and nutrition whilst maximising the productivity and environmental sustainability of livestock production systems. This article describes strategies developed to modulate the rumen microbial ecosystem, enabling the utilisation of plant feedstuffs that may otherwise be toxic and enhancing feed utilisation efficiency or controlling populations of specific rumen microbes, such as those contributing to lactic acidosis and enteric methane emissions. It also traces advances in technologies that have enabled us to understand the underlying biological mechanisms involved in the modulation of the rumen microbiome.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2016 Collection
 
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Created: Tue, 17 Mar 2015, 15:58:53 EST by Dr Athol Klieve on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences