Mastery motivation: a way of understanding therapy outcomes for children with unilateral cerebral palsy

Miller, Laura, Ziviani, Jenny, Ware, Robert S. and Boyd, Roslyn N. (2014) Mastery motivation: a way of understanding therapy outcomes for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Disability and Rehabilitation, 37 16-17: 1-7. doi:10.3109/09638288.2014.964375

Author Miller, Laura
Ziviani, Jenny
Ware, Robert S.
Boyd, Roslyn N.
Title Mastery motivation: a way of understanding therapy outcomes for children with unilateral cerebral palsy
Journal name Disability and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0963-8288
Publication date 2014-09-26
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/09638288.2014.964375
Open Access Status
Volume 37
Issue 16-17
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: To investigate the impact of mastery motivation on occupational performance outcomes immediately following upper limb (UL) training and 6 months post-intervention for school-aged children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Method: This prediction study was a post-hoc analysis of a matched pairs randomized comparison trial (COMBiT Trial Registration: ACTRN12613000181707). The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) was administered at baseline, 13 and 26 weeks post-intervention. Parents completed the Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (DMQ), Parenting Scale and a demographic questionnaire. Children’s UL capacity and performance was assessed using the Melbourne Assessment of Unilateral UL Function and assisting hand assessment (AHA). Regression models were fitted using generalized estimating equations to baseline, 13 and 26 week measurements. Results: Forty-six children (7.78 years SD 2.27 years, 31 males, Manual Ability Classification System I = 23, II = 23) participated. Higher levels of bimanual performance (AHA: β = 0.03, p < 0.001), greater object-oriented persistence (DMQ: β = 0.31, p = 0.05), and treatment group allocation (Standard Care: β = 0.24, p = 0.01) were positively associated with COPM performance scores post-intervention. Conclusions: Children’s bimanual performance and persistence with object-oriented tasks significantly impact occupational performance outcomes following UL training. Predetermining children’s mastery motivation along with bimanual ability may assist in tailoring of intervention strategies and models of service delivery to improve effectiveness.

Implications for Rehabilitation:

Children’s object persistence and bimanual performance both impact upper limb training outcomes

Working with children’s motivational predispositions may optimize engagement and therapy outcomes.

Supporting positive parenting styles may enhance a child’s mastery motivation and persistence with difficult tasks.
Keyword Cerebral palsy
Occupational performance
Upper limb
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 26 Sep 2014

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Created: Mon, 16 Mar 2015, 09:55:49 EST by Dr Robert Ware on behalf of School of Public Health