Food security and food production systems

Porter, John R., Xie, Liyong, Challinor, Andrew J., Cochrane, Kevern, Howden, S. Mark, Iqbal, Muhammad Mohsin, Lobell, David B., Travasso, Maria Isabel, Netra Chhetri, Netra Chhetri, Garrett, Karen, Ingram, John, Lipper, Leslie, McCarthy, Nancy, McGrath, Justin, Smith, Daniel, Thornton, Philip, Watson, James and Ziska, Lewis (2014). Food security and food production systems. In Christopher B. Field, Vicente R. Barros, David Jon Dokken, Katharine J. Mach, Michael D. Mastrandrea, T. Eren Bilir, Monalisa Chatterjee, Kristie L. Ebi, Yuka Otsuki Estrada, Robert C. Genova, Betelhem Girma, Eric S. Kissel, Andrew N. Levy, Sandy MacCracken and Patricia R. Mastrandrea (Ed.), Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects (pp. 485-533) New York, United States: Cambridge University Press.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Porter, John R.
Xie, Liyong
Challinor, Andrew J.
Cochrane, Kevern
Howden, S. Mark
Iqbal, Muhammad Mohsin
Lobell, David B.
Travasso, Maria Isabel
Netra Chhetri, Netra Chhetri
Garrett, Karen
Ingram, John
Lipper, Leslie
McCarthy, Nancy
McGrath, Justin
Smith, Daniel
Thornton, Philip
Watson, James
Ziska, Lewis
Title of chapter Food security and food production systems
Title of book Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects
Place of Publication New York, United States
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Open Access Status
ISBN 9781107058071
Editor Christopher B. Field
Vicente R. Barros
David Jon Dokken
Katharine J. Mach
Michael D. Mastrandrea
T. Eren Bilir
Monalisa Chatterjee
Kristie L. Ebi
Yuka Otsuki Estrada
Robert C. Genova
Betelhem Girma
Eric S. Kissel
Andrew N. Levy
Sandy MacCracken
Patricia R. Mastrandrea
Chapter number 7
Start page 485
End page 533
Total pages 49
Total chapters 20
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Many definitions of food security exist, and these have been the subject of much debate. As early as 1992, Maxwell and Smith (1992) reviewed more than 180 items discussing concepts and definitions, and more definitions have been formulated since (DEFRA, 2006). Whereas many earlier definitions centered on food production, more recent definitions highlight access to food, in keeping with the 1996 World Food Summit definition (FAO, 1996) that food security is met when “all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” Worldwide attention on food access was given impetus by the food “price spike” in 2007–2008, triggered by a complex set of long- and short-term factors (FAO, 2009b; von Braun and Torero, 2009). FAO concluded, “provisional estimates show that, in 2007, 75 million more people were added to the total number of undernourished relative to 2003–05” (FAO, 2008); this is arguably a low-end estimate (Headey and Fan, 2010). More than enough food is currently produced per capita to feed the global population, yet about 870 million people remained hungry in the period from 2010 to 2012 (FAO et al., 2012). The questions for this chapter are how far climate and its change affect current food production systems and food security and the extent to which they will do so in the future (Figure 7-1).
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

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Created: Tue, 10 Mar 2015, 11:13:59 EST by James Watson on behalf of Centre for Plant Science