The dark side of inclusion: undesired acceptance increases aggression

Greenaway, Katharine H., Jetten, Jolanda, Ellemers, Naomi and van Bunderen, Lisanne (2015) The dark side of inclusion: undesired acceptance increases aggression. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 18 2: 173-189. doi:10.1177/1368430214536063


Author Greenaway, Katharine H.
Jetten, Jolanda
Ellemers, Naomi
van Bunderen, Lisanne
Title The dark side of inclusion: undesired acceptance increases aggression
Journal name Group Processes and Intergroup Relations   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1461-7188
1368-4302
Publication date 2015-03-24
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1368430214536063
Open Access Status
Volume 18
Issue 2
Start page 173
End page 189
Total pages 17
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract It is generally assumed that being accepted by others should have universally positive effects. The present research questions this assumption and shows that acceptance can sometimes arouse aggressive thoughts and feelings when people have a low desire to belong to the accepting group. In Study 1 (N = 61), international students who had low, compared to high, desire for inclusion in a host society behaved more aggressively when informed that the host society accepted them. Study 2 (N = 57) replicated this finding on attributions of aggression to members of the host society. In Study 3 (N = 76) individuals accepted into a workgroup showed more implicit aggressive cognitions when they did not desire inclusion compared to individuals who desired inclusion. The findings reveal a potential limit to the positive effects of acceptance and highlight the importance of considering group members’ motives for inclusion when investigating the effects of group acceptance.
Keyword Acceptance
Aggression
Group processes
Rejection
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 19 June

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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