Facial Approximation-From Facial Reconstruction Synonym to Face Prediction Paradigm

Stephan, Carl N. (2015) Facial Approximation-From Facial Reconstruction Synonym to Face Prediction Paradigm. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 60 3: 566-571. doi:10.1111/1556-4029.12732

Author Stephan, Carl N.
Title Facial Approximation-From Facial Reconstruction Synonym to Face Prediction Paradigm
Journal name Journal of Forensic Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-1198
Publication date 2015-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1556-4029.12732
Volume 60
Issue 3
Start page 566
End page 571
Total pages 6
Place of publication Shannon, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Facial approximation was first proposed as a synonym for facial reconstruction in 1987 due to dissatisfaction with the connotations the latter label held. Since its debut, facial approximation's identity has morphed as anomalies in face prediction have accumulated. Now underpinned by differences in what problems are thought to count as legitimate, facial approximation can no longer be considered a synonym for, or subclass of, facial reconstruction. Instead, two competing paradigms of face prediction have emerged, namely: facial approximation and facial reconstruction. This paper shines a Kuhnian lens across the discipline of face prediction to comprehensively review these developments and outlines the distinguishing features between the two paradigms.
Keyword Forensic science
Facial reconstruction
Facial reproduction
Craniofacial identification
Normal science
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biomedical Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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