Why Melbourne kept its trams

Spearritt, Peter (2014). Why Melbourne kept its trams. In: Morten Gjerde and Emina Petrović, UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History. Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. 12th Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference (UHPH 2014), Wellington, New Zealand, (771-780). 2–5 February 2014.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Spearritt, Peter
Title of paper Why Melbourne kept its trams
Conference name 12th Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference (UHPH 2014)
Conference location Wellington, New Zealand
Conference dates 2–5 February 2014
Convener Australasian Urban History Planning History Group
Proceedings title UHPH_14: Landscapes and Ecologies of Urban and Planning History. Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference
Place of Publication Wellington, New Zealand
Publisher Victoria University of Wellington
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9780475124135
Editor Morten Gjerde
Emina Petrović
Start page 771
End page 780
Total pages 10
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Why did Melbourne keep its trams, especially during the 1950s and 1960s when other Australian capital cities, the major cities in New Zealand, the UK and Ireland, and most US and Canadian cities didn’t? Melbourne now has the largest tramway system in the world, as measured by route length, though not by passenger numbers. This paper will explore how the automobile clubs and bus lobbies campaigned to get rid of trams. What is it in Melbourne’s topography and political culture which enabled its tramway system to survive, while Sydney, with a bigger system, closed its entire network? Cities abandoning their trams promptly turned to buses. Only a handful of ‘heritage’ tram lines survived, though there is now a resurgence of light rail in some cities, and of all places, on the Gold Coast. The paper will set the analysis in the context of the coming of mass car ownership in the 1950s and 1960s, and the apparent attraction of getting rid of trams in the name of modernity.
Keyword Tramways
Urban public transport
Melbourne
Car use
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Thu, 05 Mar 2015, 22:09:02 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry