Restoring degraded tropical forests for carbon and biodiversity

Budiharta, Sugeng, Meijaard, Erik, Erskine, Peter D., Rondinini, Carlo, Pacifici, Michela and Wilson, Kerrie A. (2014) Restoring degraded tropical forests for carbon and biodiversity. Environmental Research Letters, 9 11: 114020.1-114020.12. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/114020

Author Budiharta, Sugeng
Meijaard, Erik
Erskine, Peter D.
Rondinini, Carlo
Pacifici, Michela
Wilson, Kerrie A.
Title Restoring degraded tropical forests for carbon and biodiversity
Journal name Environmental Research Letters   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1748-9326
Publication date 2014-11-20
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/114020
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 11
Start page 114020.1
End page 114020.12
Total pages 12
Place of publication Bristol, United Kingdom
Publisher Institute of Physics Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract The extensive deforestation and degradation of tropical forests is a significant contributor to the loss of biodiversity and to global warming. Restoration could potentially mitigate the impacts of deforestation, yet knowledge on how to efficiently allocate funding for restoration is still in its infancy. We systematically prioritize investments in restoration in the tropical landscape of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, and through this application demonstrate the capacity to account for a diverse suite of restoration techniques and forests of varying condition. To achieve this we develop a map of forest degradation for the region, characterized on the basis of aboveground biomass and differentiated by broad forest types. We estimate the costs of restoration as well as the benefits in terms of carbon sequestration and improving the suitability of habitat for threatened mammals through time. When the objective is solely to enhance carbon stocks, then restoration of highly degraded lowland forest is the most cost-effective activity. However, if the objective is to improve the habitat of threatened species, multiple forest types should be restored and this reduces the accumulated carbon by up to 24%. Our analysis framework provides a transparent method for prioritizing where and how restoration should occur in heterogeneous landscapes in order to maximize the benefits for carbon and biodiversity.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation Publications
Official 2015 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 26 Feb 2015, 10:11:15 EST by Dr Peter Erskine on behalf of Centre For Mined Land Rehabilitation