Epigenetic inactivation of the candidate tumor suppressor USP44 is a frequent and early event in colorectal neoplasia

Sloane, Mathew A., Wong, Jason W. H., Perera, Dilmi, Nunez, Andrea C., Pimanda, John E., Hawkins, Nicholas J., Sieber, Oliver M., Bourke, Michael J., Hesson, Luke B. and Ward, Robyn L. (2014) Epigenetic inactivation of the candidate tumor suppressor USP44 is a frequent and early event in colorectal neoplasia. Epigenetics, 9 8: 1092-1100. doi:10.4161/epi.29222


Author Sloane, Mathew A.
Wong, Jason W. H.
Perera, Dilmi
Nunez, Andrea C.
Pimanda, John E.
Hawkins, Nicholas J.
Sieber, Oliver M.
Bourke, Michael J.
Hesson, Luke B.
Ward, Robyn L.
Title Epigenetic inactivation of the candidate tumor suppressor USP44 is a frequent and early event in colorectal neoplasia
Formatted title
Epigenetic inactivation of the candidate tumor suppressor USP44 is a frequent and early event in colorectal neoplasia
Journal name Epigenetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1559-2308
1559-2294
Publication date 2014-05-16
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4161/epi.29222
Volume 9
Issue 8
Start page 1092
End page 1100
Total pages 9
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In mouse models, loss of the candidate tumor suppressor gene Ubiquitin Specific protease 44 (USP44) is associated with aneuploidy and cancer. USP44 is also transcriptionally silenced in human cancers. here we investigated the molecular mechanism of USP44 silencing and whether this correlated with aneuploidy in colorectal adenomas. DNA methylation at the USP44 cpG island (CGI) promoter was measured using combined bisulfite restriction analysis (COBRA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines (n = 18), and with COBRA and bisulfite sequencing in colorectal adenomas (n = 89) and matched normal colonic mucosa (n = 51). the USP44 CGI was hypermethylated in all CRC cell lines, in most colorectal adenomas (79 of 89, 89%) but rarely in normal mucosa samples (3 of 51, 6%). USP44 expression was also compared between normal mucosa and paired hypermethylated adenomas in six patients using qRT-pCR. hypermethylation of the USP44 CGI in adenomas was associated with a 1.8 to 5.5-fold reduction in expression compared with paired normal mucosa. treatment of CRC cell lines with the DNA hypomethylating agent decitabine resulted in a 14 to 270-fold increase in USP44 expression. Whole genome SNP array data showed that gain or loss of individual chromosomes occurred in adenomas, but hypermethylation did not correlate with more aneuploidy. in summary, our data shows that USP44 is epigenetically inactivated in colorectal adenomas, but this alone is not sufficient to cause aneuploidy in colorectal neoplasia.
Keyword DNA methylation
Epigenetic
CpG island
Adenoma
Colorectal cancer
Aneuploidy
Deubiquitinase
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
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Created: Wed, 11 Feb 2015, 13:35:40 EST by Ms Kate Rowe on behalf of Office of Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research)