Cultural diversity and economic growth: evidence from the US during the age of mass migration

Ager, Philipp and Brueckner, Markus (2013) Cultural diversity and economic growth: evidence from the US during the age of mass migration. European Economic Review, 64 76-97. doi:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.07.011


Author Ager, Philipp
Brueckner, Markus
Title Cultural diversity and economic growth: evidence from the US during the age of mass migration
Journal name European Economic Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0014-2921
1873-572X
Publication date 2013-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.07.011
Open Access Status
Volume 64
Start page 76
End page 97
Total pages 22
Place of publication Amsterdam,Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract We exploit the large inflow of immigrants to the US during the 1870–1920 period to examine the effects that within-county changes in the cultural composition of the US population had on output growth. We construct measures of fractionalization and polarization to distinguish between the different effects of cultural diversity. Our main finding is that increases in cultural fractionalization significantly increased output, while increases in cultural polarization significantly decreased output. We address the issue of identifying the causal effects of cultural diversity by using the supply-push component of immigrant inflows as an instrumental variable.
Keyword Cultural diversity
Economic growth
Historical development
Immigration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Economics Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 05 Feb 2015, 16:28:29 EST by Alys Hohnen on behalf of School of Economics