The effect of technical cue words on tennis serve performance

Lewis, Kellie A. (1998). The effect of technical cue words on tennis serve performance Master's Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Lewis, Kellie A.
Thesis Title The effect of technical cue words on tennis serve performance
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1998
Thesis type Master's Thesis
Supervisor Stephanie Hanrahan
Total pages 76
Language eng
Subjects 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Formatted abstract
It has been noted throughout the sport psychology literature that having a relevant attentional focus is essential to optimally perform a sport skill. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a task-related attentional focus self-talk intervention on the performance outcome of a closed sport skill performed by nonelite athletes. It was hypothesised that technical cue words, which reflect the specific technical components of a skill, would improve the performance (measured by outcome) of that skill. Four non-elite junior tennis players were the participants in this study. A single-case multiple baseline design was employed to detect a pre and post-intervention difference in participants' second serve placement performance. The intervention was a mental skill training program which focused on the effect of using a specific attentional focus (technical cue words). One participant was excluded for failing to establish a stable performance baseline. The results showed that two participants significantly improved their second serve placement performance (p<.05). The discussion focused on the inconsistency in the findings, subjective evaluation of the benefit of using technical cue words, and cognitive change in behaviour. Several hypotheses were proposed to account for the inconsistencies of the effect of technical cue words on second serve placement performance. Participants reported that using cue words was beneficial for their serve, and they would continue to use them an as integral part of their second serve in the future. It was concluded that this study could neither support nor refute the efficacy of technical cue words to promote an improvement in performance outcome. However, there was some subjective evidence to support the contention that attentional focus strategies can bring about a change in cognitive behaviour.
Keyword Tennis -- Psychological aspects
Additional Notes missing p. 51 from the original copy

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
 
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Created: Fri, 30 Jan 2015, 11:16:07 EST by Nicole Rayner on behalf of Scholarly Communication and Digitisation Service