A gendered approach to workforce participation patterns over the life course for an Australian baby boom cohort

Majeed, Tazeen, Forder, Peta, Mishra, Gita, Kendig, Hal and Byles, Julie (2015) A gendered approach to workforce participation patterns over the life course for an Australian baby boom cohort. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 87 108-122. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2014.12.004

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Author Majeed, Tazeen
Forder, Peta
Mishra, Gita
Kendig, Hal
Byles, Julie
Title A gendered approach to workforce participation patterns over the life course for an Australian baby boom cohort
Journal name Journal of Vocational Behavior   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-8791
Publication date 2015-04
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.12.004
Open Access Status
Volume 87
Start page 108
End page 122
Total pages 15
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO United States
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Population ageing and its future implications for governments and individuals have been central to much policy debate and research targeted to retain older people in the workforce. This study identified workforce participation patterns across the adult life course for women and men entering later life, and explored the influences of various early and adult life socio-demographic circumstances. Data were collected from 1261 men and women aged 60 to 64 years in the Life History and Health (LHH) Survey (a sub-study of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study, Australia) in 2010–11. LHH provides detailed information on personal histories of paid work, socio-economic resources from childhood (number of books and father's occupation) and adult life factors such as educational attainment, marital histories, childcare and informal caring. Latent class analysis (LCA) was undertaken to identify patterns of workforce participation for participants across their adult life. Significant gender differences were confirmed. Further analysis (LCA with covariates) showed that women who reported having books during childhood, and those who had post-school qualification, were more likely to have mostly been in paid work and less likely to have not been in paid work; while ever partnered women had significantly higher odds of increasing part time work over time. Men who had reported ever having had informal caring activities were likely to have had decreasing participation in paid work over time, and were highly likely to be not in paid work after 55 years. Ever partnered status was protective for being in paid work for men. These findings indicate the need for gender-specific policies and strategies to enable continued workforce participation throughout adult life and into later working years, particularly for people who had fewer social or economic opportunities earlier in life.
Keyword Workforce participation patterns
Latent class analysis
Mature age
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 18 Dec 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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