Uptake and factors that influence the use of 'sit less, move more' occupational intervention strategies in Spanish office employees

Bort-Roig, Judit, Martin, Montserrat, Puig-Ribera, Anna, Gonzalez-Suarez, Ángel Manuel, Martínez-Lemos, Ivan, Martori, Joan Carles and Gilson, Nicholas D. (2014) Uptake and factors that influence the use of 'sit less, move more' occupational intervention strategies in Spanish office employees. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 152: . doi:10.1186/s12966-014-0152-6


Author Bort-Roig, Judit
Martin, Montserrat
Puig-Ribera, Anna
Gonzalez-Suarez, Ángel Manuel
Martínez-Lemos, Ivan
Martori, Joan Carles
Gilson, Nicholas D.
Title Uptake and factors that influence the use of 'sit less, move more' occupational intervention strategies in Spanish office employees
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1479-5868
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/s12966-014-0152-6
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 152
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Little is known about the types of ‘sit less, move more’ strategies that appeal to office employees, or what factors influence their use. This study assessed the uptake of strategies in Spanish university office employees engaged in an intervention, and those factors that enabled or limited strategy uptake.

Methods
The study used a mixed method design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with academics and administrators (n = 12; 44 ± 12 mean SD age; 6 women) at three points across the five-month intervention, and data used to identify factors that influenced the uptake of strategies. Employees who finished the intervention then completed a survey rating (n = 88; 42 ± 8 mean SD age; 51 women) the extent to which strategies were used [never (1) to usually (4)]; additional survey items (generated from interviewee data) rated the impact of factors that enabled or limited strategy uptake [no influence (1) to very strong influence (4)]. Survey score distributions and averages were calculated and findings triangulated with interview data.

Results
Relative to baseline, 67% of the sample increased step counts post intervention (n = 59); 60% decreased occupational sitting (n = 53). ‘Active work tasks’ and ‘increases in walking intensity’ were the strategies most frequently used by employees (89% and 94% sometimes or usually utilised these strategies); ‘walk-talk meetings’ and ‘lunchtime walking groups’ were the least used (80% and 96% hardly ever or never utilised these strategies). ‘Sitting time and step count logging’ was the most important enabler of behaviour change (mean survey score of 3.1 ± 0.8); interviewees highlighted the motivational value of being able to view logged data through visual graphics in a dedicated website, and gain feedback on progress against set goals. ‘Screen based work’ (mean survey score of 3.2 ± 0.8) was the most significant barrier limiting the uptake of strategies. Inherent time pressures and cultural norms that dictated sedentary work practices limited the adoption of ‘walk-talk meetings’ and ‘lunch time walking groups’.

Conclusions
The findings provide practical insights into which strategies and influences practitioners need to target to maximise the impact of ‘sit less, move more’ occupational intervention strategies.
Keyword Workplace
Occupational sitting
Sedentary Behaviour
Walking
Employee experiences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 21 Jan 2015, 11:18:40 EST by Nicholas Gilson on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences