Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers

Jani, Rati, Mallan, Kimberley M., Mihrshahi, Seema and Daniels, Lynne A. (2014) Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers. Nutrition and Dietetics, 71 4: 276-283. doi:10.1111/1747-0080.12146

Author Jani, Rati
Mallan, Kimberley M.
Mihrshahi, Seema
Daniels, Lynne A.
Title Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers
Journal name Nutrition and Dietetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1446-6368
Publication date 2014-12-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1747-0080.12146
Open Access Status
Volume 71
Issue 4
Start page 276
End page 283
Total pages 8
Place of publication Richmond, VIC Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Child-feeding practices may be modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity; however, investigation of feeding practices in non-Western populations is scarce. This cross-sectional study examines the feeding practices of affluent Indian mothers with children aged one to five years residing in Australia and Mumbai, India. The secondary aim was to study the association between maternal and child characteristics and feeding practices.

In Australia and Mumbai, 230 and 301 mothers, respectively, completed either a hard copy or online questionnaire. Self-reported maternal feeding practices (restriction, monitoring, pressure to eat, passive and responsive feeding) were measured using established scales and culturally specific items.

Mothers in both samples were equally likely to use non-responsive feeding practices, namely dietary restriction, pressure and passive feeding. Similarly, at least 50% of mothers in both samples did not feed their children responsively (mother decides what and the child decides how much to eat). The only difference observed after controlling for covariates (mothers' age, body mass index (BMI), religion, education, questionnaire type; child's age, birthplace, gender, number of siblings and weight-for-age Z-scores) was that mothers in the Australian sample used higher levels of dietary monitoring (β = 0.2, P = 0.006). Mothers with a higher BMI (OR: 0.84, CI: 0.89–0.99, P = 0.03) and following Hinduism (OR: 0.50, CI: 0.33–0.83, P = 0.008) were less likely to feed responsively.

These results suggest that Indian mothers in both the samples may benefit from interventions that promote responsive child-feeding practices.
Keyword Acculturation
Feeding practice
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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