Determinants of rural practice: positive interaction between rural background and rural undergraduate training

Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Srinivas, Eley, Diann S., Ranmuthugala, Geetha, Chater, Alan B., Toombs, Maree R., Darshan, Deepak and Nicholson, Geoffrey C. (2015) Determinants of rural practice: positive interaction between rural background and rural undergraduate training. Medical Journal Australia, 202 1: 41-46. doi:10.5694/mja14.00236


Author Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Srinivas
Eley, Diann S.
Ranmuthugala, Geetha
Chater, Alan B.
Toombs, Maree R.
Darshan, Deepak
Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Title Determinants of rural practice: positive interaction between rural background and rural undergraduate training
Journal name Medical Journal Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
1326-5377
Publication date 2015-01-19
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5694/mja14.00236
Open Access Status
Volume 202
Issue 1
Start page 41
End page 46
Total pages 6
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine the role of rural background and years of rural clinical school training on subsequent rural clinical practice.

Design, setting and participants: Retrospective cohort study of University of Queensland (UQ) medical graduates who graduated during the period 2002–2011 (contacted via internet, telephone and mail, using information obtained from UQ, the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency, and telephone directory and internet searches) who completed an online or hard copy questionnaire during the period December 2012 to October 2013.

Main outcome measure: Current clinical practice in a rural location.

Results:
Of 1572 graduates to whom the questionnaire was sent, 754 (48.0%) completed the questionnaire. Of the respondents, 236 (31.3%) had a rural background and 276 (36.6%) had attended the University of Queensland Rural Clinical School (UQRCS). Clinical practice location was rural for 18.8% (90/478) of UQ metropolitan clinical school attendees and 41.7% (115/276) of UQRCS attendees (P < 0.001). In the multivariate model with main effects, independent predictors of rural practice were (OR [95%CI]): UQRCS attendance for 1 year (1.84 [1.21–2.82]) or 2 years (2.71 [1.65–
4.45]), rural background (2.30 [1.57–3.36]), partner with rural background (3.08 [1.96–4.84]), being single (1.98 [1.28–3.06]) and having a bonded scholarship (2.34 [1.37–3.98]). In the model with interaction between UQRCS attendance and rural background, independent predictors of rural practice were rural background and UQRCS attendance for 1 year (4.44
[2.38–8.29]) or 2 years (7.09 [3.57–14.10]), partner with rural background (3.14 [1.99–4.96]), being single (2.02 [1.30–3.12]) and bonded scholarship (2.27 [1.32–3.90]). The effects of rural background and UQRCS attendance were duration dependent.

Conclusions: This study strengthens evidence that, after adjusting for multiple confounders, a number of exposures are independent predictors of rural medical practice. The strong positive interaction between rural background and rural clinical school exposure, and the duration-dependent relationships, could help inform policy changes aimed at enhancing the
efficacy of Australia’s rural clinical school program.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 14 Jan 2015, 17:30:50 EST by Diann Eley on behalf of School of Medicine