Breastfeeding is protective to diabetes risk in young adults: a longitudinal study

Mamun, Abdullah Al, O'Callaghan, Michael J., Williams, Gail M., Najman, Jake M., Callaway, Leonie and McIntyre, Harold D. (2014) Breastfeeding is protective to diabetes risk in young adults: a longitudinal study. Acta Diabetologica, 52 5: 837-844. doi:10.1007/s00592-014-0690-z

Author Mamun, Abdullah Al
O'Callaghan, Michael J.
Williams, Gail M.
Najman, Jake M.
Callaway, Leonie
McIntyre, Harold D.
Title Breastfeeding is protective to diabetes risk in young adults: a longitudinal study
Journal name Acta Diabetologica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0940-5429
Publication date 2014-12-25
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00592-014-0690-z
Open Access Status
Volume 52
Issue 5
Start page 837
End page 844
Total pages 8
Place of publication Milan, Italy
Publisher Springer-Verlag Italia s.r.l.
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
It is unclear whether any breastfeeding or a certain duration of breastfeeding is protective against the development of diabetes in adult offspring.

We followed a sub-sample of 3,595 offspring born in the Mater Hospital in Brisbane, Australia between 1981 and 1983 and for whom we had doctor diagnosed self-reported diabetes at age 21 years and maternal reported duration of breastfeeding at 6-month post-natal follow-up. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the independent associations of duration of breastfeeding (never breastfeed, breastfed <4 months and breastfed ≥4 months) with offspring diabetes by age 21 years.

Of 3,595 young adults, 45 (1.25 %) developed diabetes by age 21 years. The odds ratio of experiencing diabetes was 0.58 (95 % CI 0.29, 1.16) for offspring who were breastfed <4 months, and it was 0.29 (95 % CI 0.13, 0.63), for offspring who were breastfed at least 4 months compared to the never breastfed offspring. Adjusting for potential confounding and mediating factors including maternal age, education, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), smoking, offspring sports, TV and their BMI at 21 years did not substantially alter this association.

Findings of this study suggest that infants who are breastfed for longer than 4 months have a substantial protective effect against the development of diabetes in young adulthood, which is independent of current BMI. Promoting breastfeeding for a minimum of 4 months may be a useful strategy for the prevention of diabetes among young adults.
Keyword Breastfeeding
Young adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Medicine Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 13 Jan 2015, 00:42:08 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health