SNPs in entire mitochondrial genome sequences (≈15.4 kb) and cox1 sequences (≈486 bp) resolve body and head lice from doubly infected people from Ethiopia, China, Nepal, and Iran but not France

Xiong, H., Campelo, D., Boutellis, A., Raoult, D., Alem, M., Ali, J., Bilcha, K., Shao, R., Pollack, R. J. and Barker, S. C. (2014) SNPs in entire mitochondrial genome sequences (≈15.4 kb) and cox1 sequences (≈486 bp) resolve body and head lice from doubly infected people from Ethiopia, China, Nepal, and Iran but not France. Journal of Medical Entomology, 51 6: 1199-1207. doi:10.1603/ME14001


Author Xiong, H.
Campelo, D.
Boutellis, A.
Raoult, D.
Alem, M.
Ali, J.
Bilcha, K.
Shao, R.
Pollack, R. J.
Barker, S. C.
Title SNPs in entire mitochondrial genome sequences (≈15.4 kb) and cox1 sequences (≈486 bp) resolve body and head lice from doubly infected people from Ethiopia, China, Nepal, and Iran but not France
Formatted title
SNPs in entire mitochondrial genome sequences (≈15.4 kb) and cox1 sequences (≈486 bp) resolve body and head lice from doubly infected people from Ethiopia, China, Nepal, and Iran but not France
Journal name Journal of Medical Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2585
1938-2928
Publication date 2014-11-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1603/ME14001
Volume 51
Issue 6
Start page 1199
End page 1207
Total pages 9
Place of publication Cary, NC United States
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Some people host lice on the clothing as well as the head. Whether body lice and head lice are distinct species or merely variants of the same species remains contentious. We sought to ascertain the extent to which lice from these different habitats might interbreed on doubly infected people by comparing their entire mitochondrial genome sequences. Toward this end, we analyzed two sets of published genetic data from double-infections of body lice and head lice: 1) entire mitochondrial coding regions (≈ 15.4 kb) from body lice and head lice from seven doubly infected people from Ethiopia, China, and France; and 2) part of the cox1 gene (≈486 bp) from body lice and head lice from a further nine doubly infected people from China, Nepal, and Iran. These mitochondrial data, from 65 lice, revealed extraordinary variation in the number of single nucleotide polymorphisms between the individual body lice and individual head lice of double-infections: from 1.096 kb of 15.4 kb (7.6%) to 2 bps of 15.4 kb (0.01%). We detected coinfections of lice of Clades A and C on the scalp hair of three of the eight people from Nepal: one person of the two people from Kathmandu and two of the six people from Pokhara. Lice of Clades A and B coinfected the scalp hair of one person from Atherton, Far North Queensland, Australia. These findings argue for additional large-scale studies of the body lice and head lice of double-infected people.
Keyword Pediculus capitis
Pediculus humanus
Mitochondrial coding region
Single nucleotide polymorphism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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