A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating a Brief Parenting Program With Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

Tellegen, Cassandra L. and Sanders, Matthew R. (2014) A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating a Brief Parenting Program With Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82 6: 1193-1200. doi:10.1037/a0037246

Author Tellegen, Cassandra L.
Sanders, Matthew R.
Title A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating a Brief Parenting Program With Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Journal name Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-006X
Publication date 2014-12
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0037246
Open Access Status
Volume 82
Issue 6
Start page 1193
End page 1200
Total pages 8
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of Primary Care Stepping Stones Triple P, a brief individualized parenting program, in a sample of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Method: Sixty-four parents of children aged 2–9 years (M = 5.67, SD = 2.14) with an ASD diagnosis participated in the study. Eighty-six percent of children were male, and 89% of parents identified their child’s ethnicity as Australian/White. Families were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions (intervention or care-as-usual) and were assessed at 3 time points (preintervention, postintervention, and 6-month follow-up). Parents completed a range of questionnaires to assess changes in child behavior (Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory) and parent outcomes (Parenting Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale–21, Parent Problem Checklist, Relationship Quality Inventory, Parental Stress Scale) and 30-min home observations of parent–child interactions.

Results: Relative to the care-as-usual group, significant short-term improvements were found in the intervention group on parent-reported child behavior problems, dysfunctional parenting styles, parenting confidence, and parental stress, parental conflict, and relationship happiness. No significant intervention effects were found on levels of parental depression or anxiety, or on observed child disruptive and parent aversive behavior. The effect sizes for significant variables ranged from medium to large. Short-term effects were predominantly maintained at 6-month follow-up, and parents reported high levels of goal achievement and satisfaction with the program.

Conclusions: The results indicate that a brief low intensity version of Stepping Stones Triple P is an efficacious intervention for parents of children with ASD.
Keyword Randomized controlled trial
Triple P
Stepping Stones Triple P
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Behavioral Family Intervention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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