Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults’ maintenance of regular walking

Sugiyama, Takemi, Shibata, Ai, Koohsari, Mohammad J., Tanamas, Stephanie K., Oka, Koichiro, Salmon, Jo, Dunstan, David W. and Owen, Neville (2015) Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults’ maintenance of regular walking. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47 6: 1204-1210. doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000528

Author Sugiyama, Takemi
Shibata, Ai
Koohsari, Mohammad J.
Tanamas, Stephanie K.
Oka, Koichiro
Salmon, Jo
Dunstan, David W.
Owen, Neville
Title Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults’ maintenance of regular walking
Journal name Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-9131
Publication date 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000528
Volume 47
Issue 6
Start page 1204
End page 1210
Total pages 7
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: Environmental initiatives to support walking are keys to non-communicable disease prevention, but the relevant evidence comes mainly from cross-sectional studies. We examined neighborhood environmental attributes associated cross-sectionally with walking and those associated prospectively with walking maintenance.

Methods: Data were from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study collected in 2004–05 (baseline) and in 2011–12 (follow-up). Participants who did not move residence during the study period (n=2684, age range: 30–77 at baseline) were categorized as regular walkers (walked 5 times/week or more) or not at baseline. Regular walkers were divided into those who stopped and those who maintained regular walking at follow-up. Regression analyses examined relationships of regular walking and walking maintenance with perceived attributes of neighborhood destinations and pedestrian environments.

Results: Regular walking at baseline was significantly associated with availability of shops (OR: 1.13, 95%CI: 1.04, 1.22), many alternative routes (OR: 1.12, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.23), park or nature reserve (OR: 1.13, 95%CI: 1.02, 1.26), bicycle or walking tracks (OR: 1.08, 95%CI: 1.00, 1.17), and feeling safe to walk (OR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.38). The maintenance of regular walking was associated with availability of multiple alternative routes (OR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.03, 1.38). Having many alternative routes and walking tracks were associated with walking maintenance among those who were not or had stopped working.

Conclusion: Neighborhood destinations (shops, parks) and pedestrian environments (alternative routes, walking trails, safety from crime) were found to be associated with regular walking, but only pedestrian environment attributes were found to be related to the maintenance of regular walking. Further evidence from prospective studies is required to identify other neighborhood environmental attributes that might support walking maintenance.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Thu, 08 Jan 2015, 12:49:58 EST by Nyree Divitini on behalf of School of Public Health