Declining loneliness over time: evidence from American colleges and high schools

Clark, D. Matthew T., Loxton, Natalie J. and Tobin, Stephanie J. (2015) Declining loneliness over time: evidence from American colleges and high schools. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41 1: 78-89. doi:10.1177/0146167214557007


Author Clark, D. Matthew T.
Loxton, Natalie J.
Tobin, Stephanie J.
Title Declining loneliness over time: evidence from American colleges and high schools
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1552-7433
0146-1672
Publication date 2015-01-16
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0146167214557007
Open Access Status
Volume 41
Issue 1
Start page 78
End page 89
Total pages 12
Place of publication Thousand Oaks CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract We examined changes in loneliness over time. Study 1 was a cross-temporal meta-analysis of 48 samples of American college students who completed the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (total N = 13,041). In Study 1, loneliness declined from 1978 to 2009 (d = −0.26). Study 2 used a representative sample of high school students from the Monitoring the Future project (total N = 385,153). In Study 2, loneliness declined from 1991 to 2012. Declines were similar among White students (d = −0.14), Black students (d = −0.17), male students (d = −0.11), and female students (d = −0.11). Different loneliness factors showed diverging trends. Subjective isolation declined (d = −0.20), whereas social network isolation increased (d = 0.06). We discuss the declines in loneliness within the context of other cultural changes, including changes to group membership and personality.
Keyword Loneliness
Sociability
Society
Meta-analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 24 Nov 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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