Prediction of diet quality for sheep from faecal characteristics: comparison of near-infrared spectroscopy and conventional chemistry predictive models

Kneebone, D. G. and Dryden, G. McL. (2015) Prediction of diet quality for sheep from faecal characteristics: comparison of near-infrared spectroscopy and conventional chemistry predictive models. Animal Production Science, 55 1: 1-10. doi:10.1071/AN13252


Author Kneebone, D. G.
Dryden, G. McL.
Title Prediction of diet quality for sheep from faecal characteristics: comparison of near-infrared spectroscopy and conventional chemistry predictive models
Journal name Animal Production Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1836-5787
1836-0939
Publication date 2015
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AN13252
Open Access Status
Volume 55
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Place of publication Clayton, VIC Australia
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract This study evaluated the ability of equations developed from the analysis of faecal material by conventional chemistry (F.CHEM), and by near-infrared spectroscopy (F.NIRS), to predict intake and digestibility of forages fed with or without supplements. In vivo datasets were obtained using 30 sheep and 25 diets to provide 124 diet–faecal pairs, with each sheep fed four or five of the diets. The diets were five forages fed alone or with urea, molasses, cottonseed meal or sorghum grain supplements. Ninety-nine diet–faecal pairs were selected at random, but ensuring that all diets were represented and both the F.CHEM and F.NIRS prediction equations were developed from this dataset. The remaining 25 diet–faecal pairs were used as a validation dataset. Regressions for F.CHEM were developed by stepwise regression, and F.NIRS prediction equations were developed by partial least-squares regression. Prediction equations based solely on faecal analyte concentrations (F.CHEMc) had poor predictive ability, and models incorporating faecal constituent excretion rates (F.CHEMe) were the best at predicting feed constituent intakes. These models had slightly lower standard errors of prediction (SEP) for organic matter (OM) intake and digestible OM intake compared with the F.NIRS models that did not include faecal excretion rates. However, F.NIRS models had lower SEP for protein intake and OM digestibility. Good agreement between the F.CHEMe and F.NIRS methods was evident (according to the 95% limits-of-agreement test), and both predicted the reference values precisely and with small bias. Equations derived from a dataset that included representatives of all diets used in the experiment gave much better prediction of diet characteristics than those developed from a dataset constructed entirely at random. Equations for F.NIRS developed in this way successfully predicted the characteristics of diets that included forages fed alone and with the type of supplements used in tropical Australia.
Keyword Digestibility
Faecal NIRS profiling
Intake
Predictive models
Sheep
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 14 Jan 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
 
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