Sensitive detection of sodium in a flame using parametric four-wave mixing and seeded parametric four-wave mixing

Fernee, MJ, Barker, PF, Knight, AEW and Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H (1998) Sensitive detection of sodium in a flame using parametric four-wave mixing and seeded parametric four-wave mixing. Physical Review A, 57 4: 2802-2813. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.57.2802

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Author Fernee, MJ
Barker, PF
Knight, AEW
Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H
Title Sensitive detection of sodium in a flame using parametric four-wave mixing and seeded parametric four-wave mixing
Journal name Physical Review A   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1050-2947
Publication date 1998-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevA.57.2802
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 57
Issue 4
Start page 2802
End page 2813
Total pages 12
Language eng
Abstract Two-photon resonant parametric four-wave mixing and a newly developed variant called seeded parametric four-wave mixing are used to detect trace quantities of sodium in a flame. Both techniques are simple, requiring only a single laser to generate a signal beam at a different wavelength which propagates collinearly with the pump beam, allowing efficient signal recovery. A comparison of the two techniques reveals that seeded parametric four-wave mixing is more than two orders of magnitude more sensitive than parametric four-wave mixing, with an estimated detection sensitivity of 5 x 10(9) atoms/cm(3). Seeded parametric four-wave mixing is achieved by cascading two parametric four-wave mixing media such that one of the parametric fields generated in the first high-density medium is then used to seed the same four-wave mixing process in a second medium in order to increase the four-wave mixing gain. The behavior of this seeded parametric four-wave mixing is described using semiclassical perturbation theory. A simplified small-signal theory is found to model most of the data satisfactorily. However, an anomalous saturationlike behavior is observed in the large signal regime. The full perturbation treatment, which includes the competition between two different four-wave mixing processes coupled via the signal field, accounts for this apparently anomalous behavior.
Keyword Optics
Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency
Amplified Spontaneous Emission
Nonlinear Optical Processes
Generation
Competition
Saturation
Vapor
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Physical Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 20:25:22 EST