Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia

Lee, Natalia M., Hall, Wayne D., Lucke, Jayne, Forlini, Cynthia and Carter, Adrian (2014) Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia. Nutrients, 6 11: 5312-5326. doi:10.3390/nu6115312


Author Lee, Natalia M.
Hall, Wayne D.
Lucke, Jayne
Forlini, Cynthia
Carter, Adrian
Title Food addiction and its impact on weight-based stigma and the treatment of obese individuals in the U.S. and Australia
Journal name Nutrients   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2072-6643
Publication date 2014-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3390/nu6115312
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 6
Issue 11
Start page 5312
End page 5326
Total pages 15
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher M D P I
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
It is argued that food addiction explanations of obesity may reduce the significant stigma levelled at obese and overweight individuals. We surveyed 479 adults to determine the prevalence of food addiction in the U.S. (n = 215) and, for the first time, in Australia (n = 264) using the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also assessed the level of weight-based stigma in this population. The prevalence of food addiction in our Australian sample was 11%, similar to U.S. participants and consistent with previous studies. Those who met criteria for diagnosis had a larger mean BMI (33.8 kg/m2) than those who did not (26.5 kg/m2). Overall, the level of stigma towards others was low and differed significantly based on BMI, predominately among normal weight and obese participants (p = 0.0036). Obese individuals scored higher on certain measures of stigma, possibly reflecting individual experiences of stigma rather than negative attitudes towards other obese individuals (p = 0.0091). Despite significant support for a “food addiction” explanation of obesity, participants still valued personal responsibility in overcoming obesity and did not support coercive approaches to treat their “addiction”.
Keyword Addiction
Attitudes
Obesity
Stigma
Responsibility
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 22 Dec 2014, 13:39:41 EST by Roheen Gill on behalf of School of Public Health