Cochrane review summary: high-flow nasal cannula therapy for infants with bronchiolitis

Bradford, Natalie and Mannix, Trudi (2014) Cochrane review summary: high-flow nasal cannula therapy for infants with bronchiolitis. Neonatal Paediatric and Child Health Nursing, 17 3: 28-29.

Author Bradford, Natalie
Mannix, Trudi
Title Cochrane review summary: high-flow nasal cannula therapy for infants with bronchiolitis
Journal name Neonatal Paediatric and Child Health Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1441-6638
Publication date 2014-11-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Open Access Status
Volume 17
Issue 3
Start page 28
End page 29
Total pages 2
Place of publication West Leederville, WA, Australia
Publisher Cambridge Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Bronchiolitis is a major cause of hospitalisation in children under 24 months of age and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The illness is usually caused by a virus, commonly respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and is characterised by acute wheezing, rhinorrhoea, sneezing, coughing, fever and tachypnoea. Conventional supportive care for bronchiolitis is to provide supplemental oxygen, respiratory support and fluid therapy. An emerging alternative to conventional care is to deliver heated, humidified highflow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen. HFNC therapy has been demonstrated to be a well-tolerated intervention, which can deliver oxygen at a higher flow rate than conventional delivery via nasal cannula. It is proposed by using heated and humidified oxygen, less damage occurs to the upper airway mucosa, the alveolar dead space is washed out, facilitating alveolar ventilation and resistance to upper airway ventilation is reduced. Additionally, it is suggested HFNC therapy provides a degree of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which assists in maintaining open airways and thus improves ventilation.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Medicine Publications
Centre for Online Health Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 15 Dec 2014, 10:42:22 EST by Burke, Eliza on behalf of Centre for On-Line Health