Modifying plants for biofuel and biomaterial production

Furtado, Agnelo, Lupoi, Jason S., Hoang, Nam V., Healey, Adam, Singh, Seema, Simmons, Blake A. and Henry, Robert J. (2014) Modifying plants for biofuel and biomaterial production. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12 9: 1246-1258. doi:10.1111/pbi.12300


Author Furtado, Agnelo
Lupoi, Jason S.
Hoang, Nam V.
Healey, Adam
Singh, Seema
Simmons, Blake A.
Henry, Robert J.
Title Modifying plants for biofuel and biomaterial production
Journal name Plant Biotechnology Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7644
1467-7652
Publication date 2014-12-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/pbi.12300
Open Access Status
Volume 12
Issue 9
Start page 1246
End page 1258
Total pages 13
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The productivity of plants as biofuel or biomaterial crops is established by both the yield of plant biomass per unit area of land and the efficiency of conversion of the biomass to biofuel. Higher yielding biofuel crops with increased conversion efficiencies allow production on a smaller land footprint minimizing competition with agriculture for food production and biodiversity conservation. Plants have traditionally been domesticated for food, fibre and feed applications. However, utilization for biofuels may require the breeding of novel phenotypes, or new species entirely. Genomics approaches support genetic selection strategies to deliver significant genetic improvement of plants as sources of biomass for biofuel manufacture. Genetic modification of plants provides a further range of options for improving the composition of biomass and for plant modifications to assist the fabrication of biofuels. The relative carbohydrate and lignin content influences the deconstruction of plant cell walls to biofuels. Key options for facilitating the deconstruction leading to higher monomeric sugar release from plants include increasing cellulose content, reducing cellulose crystallinity, and/or altering the amount or composition of noncellulosic polysaccharides or lignin. Modification of chemical linkages within and between these biomass components may improve the ease of deconstruction. Expression of enzymes in the plant may provide a cost-effective option for biochemical conversion to biofuel.
Keyword Biofuels
Biomass
Biomaterials
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 09 Dec 2014, 05:51:19 EST by System User on behalf of Qld Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation