Visuo-vestibular contributions to anxiety and fear

Coelho, Carlos and Balaban, Carey D. (2015) Visuo-vestibular contributions to anxiety and fear. Neuroscience And Biobehavioral Reviews, 48 148-159. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.10.023

Author Coelho, Carlos
Balaban, Carey D.
Title Visuo-vestibular contributions to anxiety and fear
Journal name Neuroscience And Biobehavioral Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-7528
Publication date 2015
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.10.023
Open Access Status
Volume 48
Start page 148
End page 159
Total pages 12
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The interactive roles of the visual and vestibular systems allow for postural control within boundaries of perceived safety. In specific circumstances, visual vestibular and postural interactions act as a cue that trigger fear, similarly to what occurs in motion sickness. Unusual patterns of visuo-vestibular interaction that emerge without warning can elicit fear, which can then become associated to a certain stimuli or situation, creating a CS-US association, (i.e., phobia), or can emerge without warning but also without becoming associated to a particular concomitant event (i.e., panic). Depending on the individual sensitivity to visuo-vestibular unusual patterns and its impact in postural control, individuals will be more or less vulnerable to develop these disorders. As such, the mechanism we here propose is also sufficient to explain the lack of certain fears albeit exposure. Following this rationale, a new subcategory of anxiety disorders, named visuo-vestibular fears can be considered. This model brings important implications for developmental and evolutionary psychological science, and invites to place visuo-vestibular fears in a particular subtype or specification within the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria.
Keyword Acrophobia
Motion sickness
Postural stability
Sensory conflict
Vestibular system
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Please add this publication to the 2015 HERDC for the Queensland Brain Institute. Thank you Available online 6 November 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 08 Dec 2014, 16:09:21 EST by Debra McMurtrie on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute