The role of food intolerance in functional gastrointestinal disorders in children

Wilson, Kate and Hill, Rebecca (2014) The role of food intolerance in functional gastrointestinal disorders in children. Australian Family Physician, 43 10: 25-28.

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Author Wilson, Kate
Hill, Rebecca
Title The role of food intolerance in functional gastrointestinal disorders in children
Journal name Australian Family Physician   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-8495
Publication date 2014-10
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status
Volume 43
Issue 10
Start page 25
End page 28
Total pages 4
Place of publication East Melbourne, VIC Australia
Publisher Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) is a common, benign, chronic diagnosis that has a significant negative impact on quality of life. FGIDs that develop in childhood can persist into adulthood. Currently, there is no cure and few treatment options are available.

Objective
This article provides an outline of current research supporting the role of food intolerance in children with FGIDs.

Discussion
Food intolerances have long been reported by patients with FGIDs; however, randomised controlled trials are lacking in this area. Food intolerances that have been investigated include intolerance to food chemicals, lactose, fructose and, more recently, fermentable carbohydrates, termed FODMAPs.  The low-FODMAP diet eliminates poorly absorbed short-chain
carbohydrates and has a clearly defined mechanism of action.  Emerging evidence suggests it alleviates symptoms in adults
with irritable bowel syndrome and, potentially, also in children.  However, more evidence is required for the efficacy of the
diet in children and in other subgroups of FGID. Any dietary restriction in growing children should be undertaken with
clinical supervision by a dietitian.
Keyword Paediatrics
Food Hypersensitivity
Gastrointestinal diseases
Irritable bowel syndrome
Recurrent Abdominal Pain
Quality of life (QOL)
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
Official Audit
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