Patterns of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviours

Pearson, Natalie, Atkin, Andrew J., Biddle, Stuart J. H., Gorely, Trish and Edwardson, Charlotte (2009) Patterns of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviours. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6 45.1-45.7. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-45

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Author Pearson, Natalie
Atkin, Andrew J.
Biddle, Stuart J. H.
Gorely, Trish
Edwardson, Charlotte
Title Patterns of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviours
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1479-5868
Publication date 2009-07-22
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1479-5868-6-45
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 6
Start page 45.1
End page 45.7
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The potential synergistic effects of multiple dietary and physical activity behaviours on the risk of chronic conditions and health outcomes is a key issue for public health. This study examined the prevalence and clustering patterns of multiple health behaviours among a sample of adolescents in the UK.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 176 adolescents aged 12-16 years (49% boys). Adolescents wore accelerometers for seven days and completed a questionnaire assessing fruit, vegetable, and breakfast consumption. The prevalence of adolescents meeting the physical activity (≥ 60 minutes moderate-to-vigorous physical activity/day), fruit and vegetable (≥ 5 portions of FV per day) and breakfast recommendations (eating breakfast on ≥ 5 days per week), and clustering patterns of these health behaviours are described.

Results: Boys were more active than girls (p < 0.001) and younger adolescents were more active than older adolescents (p < 0.01). Boys ate breakfast on more days per week than girls (p < 0.01) and older adolescents ate more fruit and vegetables than younger adolescents (p < 0.01). Almost 54% of adolescents had multiple risk behaviours and only 6% achieved all three of the recommendations. Girls had significantly more risk factors than boys (p < 0.01). For adolescents with two risk behaviours, the most prevalent cluster was formed by not meeting the physical activity and fruit and vegetable recommendations.

Conclusion: Many adolescents fail to meet multiple diet and physical activity recommendations, highlighting that physical activity and dietary behaviours do not occur in isolation. Future research should investigate how best to achieve multiple health behaviour change in adolescent boys and girls.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 04 Dec 2014, 10:19:08 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences